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Nietzsche and Psychology | How To Become Who You Are | Academy of Ideas

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updated 21 Aug 2023

In the late 19th century, philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche asserted his status as a unique psychologist among philosophers, claiming that he introduced genuine psychology to the field. His self-assessment gains credence from the influence his psychological insights had on prominent 20th-century psychologists like Freud, Jung, and Adler. Nietzsche's psychological inquiries were driven by his belief in acquiring knowledge to invigorate life rather than mere theoretical speculation. Central to his exploration was the pursuit of understanding how individuals realize their true selves, as exemplified in his autobiography's subtitle, "How One Becomes What One Is." Nietzsche critiqued his predecessors for lacking genuine introspection due to societal norms and self-imposed limitations. He conceptualized the human psyche as complex and multi-layered, beyond complete comprehension, referencing the deep nature of the soul as expressed by the ancient philosopher Heraclitus.

Nietzsche and Psychology | How To Become Who You Are | Academy of Ideas

Not One to Follow the Crowd

Our Nature

Prehistoric Drives

Modern Drives

The Organizing Idea

Conclusion

See also How to Stop Wasting Your Life, and The Psychology of Self-Transformation

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